What is Paget’s Disease?
Paget’s disease of the bone is a chronic disorder involving the excessive breakdown and reformation of bone tissue leading to enlarged and misshapen bones.
Enlarged or misshapen bones are often fragile and may result in pain, fractures, or arthritis for those living with Paget’s disease. Paget disease is generally localized and most commonly affects the femur, pelvis, and lower vertebrae.
What are the Symptoms of Paget’s Disease?
Most individuals living with Paget’s disease show no symptoms. The disorder is often discovered during an x-ray ordered for another reason.
However some reported symptoms of Paget’s disease may include:
- bone pain
- bowing of the legs
- enlarged skull or other visible deformities.
What Causes Patellar Paget’s Disease?
There is no explicitly determined cause of Paget’s disease but genes or a viral infection early in life are suspected.
Should I See a Doctor for Paget’s Disease?
Patients who show no symptoms or only have abnormal blood tests may not need to seek treatment.
Those patients who are experiencing a large number of symptoms should seek medical attention if for example pain, bone deformities, or problems with the skull occur.
Diagnosing Paget’s Disease
Since 70 percent of patients show no signs or symptoms of the disease Paget’s disease is generally discovered incidentally as a result of an unrelated x-ray.
The previously mentioned symptoms may also assist in making a diagnosis but radiology remains the most specific and effective test. Radiographs must then be done repeatedly over time to monitor the disorders’ effects around weight bearing joints.
Treatment From a Healthcare Professional
Paget’s disease cannot be cured but treatments seek to alleviate symptoms and provide longer periods of remission.
Drug therapy is the treatment of choice but in rare cases of bone deformity, fractures, or arthritis surgical options may be explored. Biophosphonates are prescribed to increase bone density while the hormone Calcitonin is used to adjust bone metabolism.
Ways to Alleviate Pain From Paget’s Disease
Acetaminophen (Tylenol) or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs) may be taken to reduce inflammation and pain.
Places to Get Help
Get excellent bone and joint treatment from the top doctors at OrthoArizona – Arizona Orthopaedic Associates.